T-Mobile Network : Company Overview, History, Available Plans



     T-Mobile is a German mobile telephone provider,owned by Deutsche Telekom (the T stands for Telekom). It operates several GSM networks in Europe and the United States.T-Mobile also has financial stakes in mobile operators in central and Eastern Europe Globally, T-Mobile has some 150 million subscribers, making it the world's seventh largest mobile phone service provider by subscribers and the third largest multinational after the United Kingdom's Vodafone and Spain's Telefoncia. Based in Germany, T-Mobile is present in ten other European countries, Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Montenegro , and Netherland, Poland and the United Kingdom as well as in the United States.

In late 2005, Deutsche Telekom attempted to acquire rival mobile network operator O2,but was beaten out by Spain's Telefoncia.In March 2008, the company announced they planned to acquire siemens Wireless Modules (now known as Cinterion Wireless Modules) as part of the JOMA consortium. The Siemens Wireless Modules spin off to Cinterion Wireless Modules was concluded on May 1, 2008.


T-Mobile UK started life as Mercury One2One, the world's first GSM 1800 mobile network. It was originally operated by the now-defunct Mercury Communications. Later known simply as One 2 One, it was purchased by DT in 1999 and rebranded as T-Mobile in 2002.

T-Mobile offers pay-monthly contract phones. The pay-monthly contracts consists of set amounts of minutes and 'flexible boosters' which allow the customer to change them month to month depending on their needs. T-Mobile launched their 3G UMTS services in the Autumn of 2003.

In late 2007, it was confirmed that a merger of the high-speed 3G and HSDPA networks operated by T-Mobile UK and 3 (UK) was to take place starting January 2008. This left T-Mobile and 3 with the largest HSDPA mobile phone network in the country.

In 2009, France Telecom's Orange and DT, T-Mobile's parent, announced they were in advanced talks to merge their UK operations to create the largest mobile operator. In March 2010, the European Commission approved this merger on the condition that the combined company sell 25% of the spectrum it owns on the 1800 MHz radio band and amend a network sharing agreement with smaller rival 3. The merger was completed the following month, the new company's name later being announced as EE. Orange and T-Mobile will continue as separate brands in the market for at least eighteen months, both run by the new parent company.

The T-D1 logo and brand used in Germany beginning in the mid-1990s for Telekom's GSM network, known in Germany as the D-Netz .Initial 1984 logo of the analog C-Netz, the first-generation analog mobile phone system that was the predecessor of DeTeMobil and T-Mobile.

In Germany its home market, T-Mobile is the largest mobile phone operator with almost 36 million subscribers (As of January 2008[update]), closely followed by its primary rival, Vodafone The highly profitable GSM network in Germany is scheduled to be supplemented and ultimately replaced by UMTS,for which T-Mobile spent EUR 8.2 billion in August 2000 to acquire one of the six licenses for Germany.

On July 1, 1989, West Germany's state-owned postal monopoly Deutsche Bundespost (DBP) was reorganized, with telecommunications consolidated in a new Deutsche Bundespost Telekom unit; this was renamed in 1995,Deutsche Telekom and began to be privatized in 1996.

The analog first genration C-Net ("C Network", marketed as C-Tel) was Germany's first true mobile phone network (the A and B networks, also owned by the post office, had been previous radio telephone systems), and was introduced in 1985. Following German reunificition in 1990, it was extended to the former East Germany.

On July 1, 1992, the Deutsche Bundespost Telekom began to operate Germany's first GSM network, along with the C-Netz, as its DeTeMobil subsidiary. The GSM 900 MZH frequency band was referred to as the "D-Netz", and Telekom named its service D1; the private consortium awarded the second license (formerly mannesmann,now Vodafone) chose the equally imaginative name D2. In 1996, as Deutsche Telekom began to brand its subsidiaries with the T- prefix, the network was renamed T-D1 and DeTeMobil became T-Mobil; the C-Netz, in the process of being wound down, was not rebranded and was shut down in 2000. In 2002, as Deutsche Telekom consolidated its international operations,it anglicized the T-Mobil name as T-Mobile, although sometimes also using the name T-D1 within Germany. It is still common for Germans to refer to T-Mobile and Vodafone as D1 and D2. D1 introduced Short message service (SMS) services in 1994 and began a prepaid service, Xtra, in 1997. The T-Mobile ring tone was composed by Lance Massey.

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